Each air purifying system has a mechanism that reduces air contaminants. They also have different types of pollutants that they each can handle. Below, you will learn more about the various types of air purifiers and their features.
1. Filtration Screen
Air that comes into the purifier machine will pass through a filter. The porous screen will allow the air to keep going while the fine dust will get caught. Air filters come in various materials and pore sizes. Smaller pores, undoubtedly, equal more effective filtration.
If you are using this type of air purifier, make sure to replace the filter every six months. The retained dirt will build up in the filter and eventually reduce the performance of the air purifier itself. The filters will also become dirtier more quickly. Make sure to do a maintenance check every once in a while.
Filtration screens are present in almost any air purifier system. They are low-cost, yet effective in reducing large amounts of air contaminants.
2. UV-C Light
Ultraviolet C can penetrate cells and destroy their core. Hence, this type of air purifier will be effective for microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and mold. Air purifiers with UV-C light works by sucking up the air and blowing it through the UV-C lamp. After getting enough exposure to the light, the machine will push the air out again.
In addition to the cells of microorganisms, the UV-C can also harm human cells, especially the skin and eyes. Therefore, people should be careful and avoid getting direct exposure to the light. To prevent such an incident, manufacturers always plant the UV-C light inside the machine.
3. Ionizer Charge
While other systems of air purifiers passively wait inside the machine for the air to pass through, the ionizer air purifier goes all aggressively. The technology releases electrical ions that can charge various types of contaminants. Once charged, the ion will unite with the contaminant. This reaction results in heavier molecules, which then fall to the floor surface. As a result, using an ionizer air purifier will require you to sweep or vacuum the floor regularly.
4. Activated Carbon
Carbon molecules can capture air pollutants that cause odors. Compared to regular carbon, the activated one is more effective for air purifying purposes. The activated carbon comes in powdered form in a packet. As the air passes through, the filter packet will absorb the contaminants, resulting in cleaner air at the end of the line.
Air purifiers with activated carbon are also effective in removing smoke and allergens from the indoor air. This model is the most suitable to use when there is any sort of smoke present in a room.
It is helpful to understand how air purifiers work if you plan to buy one. You will know which system to buy based on the indoor air quality of your property. In the market, there are air purifiers that combine two or more systems to improve their effectiveness. Although such products tend to cost more, the indoor air quality they bring will be worth it.
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