Both cooling and heating systems in your house require a large amount of electricity to run. There might be differences in exactly how much each system consumes because it depends on many factors. But, in general, it takes significantly more energy to heat the indoor air in your house than to cool it down. Therefore, a heating system is more costly to run, regardless of the technology you choose.
How Is That So?
The main factor that determines the amount of energy consumed is how the system works. In the cooling process, your air conditioner does not generate coldness. Instead, it strips the excess heat out of your indoor air and transfers it out of the house. On the other hand, a heating system involves generating heat to warm up the air, either by converting electrical power into heat or by burning fossil fuels. The more heat you need, the more energy it will consume.
According to statistics, most houses in the US spend half of their total energy consumption on their heating system, especially those in colder climates. This is about three to four times higher than the energy they spend on their cooling system. Houses that use energy-efficient heating systems pay up to 30% less on their monthly bill. And if you improve your home insulation as well, the number can fall by 50%, making it only twice as high as a cooling system.
Heat pumps are the most energy-efficient heating systems because they don’t generate heat like other heating systems. Instead, it collects the heat from outdoor air and transfers it indoors. The system is similar to regular air conditioner technology in reverse. Even so, this system will still cost you more in winter than it will in summer.
How to Save Money on Both Systems
The tips for saving money on a cooling system are generally similar to those for saving money on heating systems. Here are some things that could make a significant difference:
1. Choose units with a high SEER rating and ENERGY STAR label to guarantee that they will be efficient in energy consumption.
2. Improve your home’s insulation because air leaks can decrease efficiency.
3. Replace your HVAC appliances if they are already old. You might need to spend more initially, but you will eventually save about 30-50% on your monthly bills.
4. Get your home measured by professionals and buy an HVAC unit that meets your home’s requirements.
5. Regularly maintain your HVAC system to keep it running at its best performance.
6. Optimize natural heating and cooling to reduce the burden on your artificial HVAC system.
The amount of energy consumed by HVAC systems can widely vary. Pay attention to the contributing factors and make an effort to cut your spending on energy consumption without reducing your family’s comfort. Even if you take these steps, your heating system will always be more costly to run than your cooling system.